Between 2 to 5% of women experience multiple consecutive miscarriages. Repetitive miscarriages are defined as three consecutive episodes of spontaneous abortion between the 6th and 12th week of pregnancy, always with the same partner. In addition to disappointment, a feeling of guilt is most often added.
Special precautions to take after miscarriage
-After miscarriage, if you are Rh negative and your spouse Rh positive, you must receive within 3 days, a serum containing anti-RH. This will prevent an immune response in the fetus during your next pregnancies.
-Avoid using tampons and avoid sexual intercourse for two weeks after miscarriage. This will help reduce the risk of infection.
Causes of miscarriage
There are several reasons that can explain a miscarriage. However, in half of the cases, the cause of the miscarriage remains unexplained. These miscarriages will certainly be better understood in the years to come. On the other hand, we know so far that several factors can lead to a miscarriage: either on the side of the mother, or on the side of the baby. We have :
-The chromosomal abnormalities:
80% of miscarriages are related to a chromosomal anomaly. The distribution of chromosome pairs is not performed correctly. Your body will naturally expel this embryo that is not viable. The “benefit” for you when your miscarriage is due to a chromosomal aberration is that there is no need to worry about subsequent pregnancies.
The uterus is not able to hold a pregnancy for a long time. When you are in this case, let us know. We will take it into account in your treatment and we will guarantee you a chance of almost 100% for the good progress of your next pregnancy.
There are diseases that can affect your child while he is still an embryo. It is: a primary infection of toxoplasmosis or listeriosis. This can affect the embryo and cause it to die. The latter is no longer fed and is naturally expelled.
We distinguish :
Body uterine malformations: when the uterus is bicorne or compartmentalized, only 4% of pregnancies can be completed, 96% will end in miscarriages.
The gap of the isthmus: This usually occurs when you have already undergone several repeated abortions and interventions on your uterus, especially curettage. In this case, the abortion is late and fast. The isthmus which thanks to its muscular fibers constitutes the lock which closes the uterine cavity, no longer plays its role.
Hypoplasia of the uterus: Sometimes the uterus is too small to allow pregnancy to continue. Her muscle does not expand enough during pregnancy and remains unstretchable.
Diabetes: It doubles the risk of miscarriage. This risk increases considerably if glycemic control is not optimal, especially at the time of conception and during the first 3 months of pregnancy, when the baby’s organs are formed.
-The age: the older you are, the more likely you are to miscarry. The probability of a woman having a miscarriage at age 40 is 25% while it is 12% for a woman under 20 years old.
-An emotional shock too important
-The consumption of alcohol, caffeine, drugs and tobacco
-Thyroid diseases (hyper or hypothyroidism)
Symptoms of a miscarriage
The symptoms of miscarriage vary with the progress of the pregnancy. More or less significant bleeding outside the menstrual period (metrorrhagia) is the most visible symptom. They appear before, during or after miscarriage. In some cases, the egg will be spontaneously expelled. Apart from this symptom, a pregnant woman who suffers a miscarriage may also feel pain in the lower back.