What is epilepsy?
The term epilepsy has its origin in a Greek word meaning “to be seized”. Epilepsy is a neurological disease that can take many forms and occur through seizures. A convulsive crisis is a symptom: it results from the fact that one or more groups of neurons, or sometimes the whole of the brain, present synchronous paroxysmal electric discharges related to hyperexcitability. Epileptic seizures have very different manifestations that vary depending on the location of the electric shock, but also the very localized or diffuse nature of this discharge. Quite unpredictable, epilepsy can be a real social and professional handicap.
Epilepsy often occurs in childhood or adolescence, and electroencephalogram and brain imaging can confirm and manage the disease. It is the most common neurological disease after migraine. It is more common during childhood and after the age of 60.
The causes of epilepsy
The causes of epilepsy are varied and complex. They are difficult to determined. It is estimated that more than half of cases, doctors are unable to determine the exact cause of the seizures. However epilepsy include genetic causes because we see that it is more common in some families. Our lifestyle easy or too limited crises. The causes of epilepsy are often associated with the type of epilepsy.
-The causes of symptomatic epilepsies
The share of the genetic factor is low in symptomatic epilepsies. They are caused mostly brain injury: or congenital brain malformation, encephalitis, meningitis, head trauma, stroke, abnormal chromosomes, tumor.
-The causes of idiopathic epilepsies:
They are caused by genetic factors, which are not known to date. Idiopathic epilepsy in adults are still widespread. These are basically epilepsy, dating from childhood or adolescence, has not healed but usually durable remission with treatment.
-The cryptogenic epilepsy
When we can not determine the cause of epilepsy, but there is a family history or a lesion is suspected but can not be formally verified, it is called cryptogenic epilepsy. Cryptogenic epilepsy currently represents about a third of cases of epilepsy. Their number is constantly decreasing, because with technological developments, we come to more easily determine the cause of epilepsy.
However, apart from the causes we have mentioned previously, many factors can trigger seizures. These are: the use of alcohol or drugs, prolonged exposure to light, insufficient sleep, constant stress, poor nutrition and skipping meals, intense sports. Trying to fight them to the maximum.
These are symptoms of epilepsy:
Epilepsy is usually asymptomatic. It is the only disease whose symptom is risk. However, certain symptoms distinguish the disease. The majority of people with epilepsy feel a warning signal before the crises will be called. This is often little signs like: a smell, a strange sensation or a visual effect.
Just after the crisis epileptic can feel disoriented, tired and feeling muscle pain. Sometimes, they do not even remember what happened. However, contrary to what many people think, a patient seizure absolutely no risk of swallowing his tongue and choke. Rest assured ! In fact, it hardly ever happens. If you are looking to open the mouth of a person having a seizure, you risk breaking his teeth and it can also bite you violently. The advice we can give you is to do nothing if the person is standing. It’s the best thing for him and for your safety. But if that person becomes unconscious, place it on the side, unbuttoning his shirt and call for help.
Diagnosis of epilepsy
First of all, if you think you have had a seizure or your child has one, you must consult your doctor. Usually the patient does not remember what happened, and the doctor is not present during the attack. The testimony of those present is crucial. The doctor will ask their questions, then he will ask the seizure of his previous crises, description, when they occurred, and how he felt afterwards.
The diagnosis must then be confirmed by an electroencephalogram and in some cases, a CT scan or MRI.
Epilepsy and Pregnancy
About 1 woman of childbearing age is about 200 seizures. If you are among these, and want to have children, you probably have many questions:
-What is the risk of worsening the disease to the mother during pregnancy?
-What will be the impact of the disease and drugs on the development of my child?
-Can I breastfeed my baby in?
-What do I do to avoid fetal malformations caused by drugs?
-L’accouchement a woman with epilepsy is it more risky?
Most of the time, pregnancies of women with epilepsy is going well. However, it is important to plan your pregnancy. Although the vast majority of pregnancies proceed without complication, preparation for pregnancy and rigorous medical monitoring remain necessary. Without a suitable treatment for pregnancy, seizures can cause serious consequences for the baby. Conventional drugs can have disastrous side effects on the mother and the baby.
What are the risks for the unborn child?
Without treatment for your pregnancy, seizures can cause serious effects on your baby. First, the baby short a subsequent risk to a direct trauma to the abdomen of the mother during a violent crisis. Seizures can also cause a lack of oxygen disrupting the developing baby and causing birth defects in the first trimester of pregnancy. These defects are mainly related to the taking of inappropriate anti-epileptic drugs. These drugs can cause developmental disorders and autism in children, weight gain or weight loss, depression, fatigue, fetal malformations, coagulation disorders in the newborn etc …. This is where our treatment is beneficial. Being natural products made from plants and herbs, herbal tea does not entail any side effect, both on the mother or the child. Our therapy is now recognized as effective and has no side effects.
What is the risk of disease worsening for mom during pregnancy?
Rest assured ! Generally, the frequency and severity of seizures is not a big impact during pregnancy. Pregnancies are often conducted without any complications.
Can I breastfeed my baby in?
Generally yes, you can breastfeed your baby in without fear. However, the choice of breastfeeding should be made based on the importance of epilepsy of the mother and the type of treatment you follow.
What should I do to avoid fetal malformations caused by drugs?
Several solutions are available to you. We recommend the use of herbal teas made herbal like ours. They will allow you to avoid seizures, while preserving your health and that of your child because they are completely natural, without side effects.
The birth of a woman with epilepsy is it more risky?
Childbirth present, generally, no particular risk to the mother or child. The risk of eclampsia or haemorrhage or caesarean section is often the same as that of a normal woman. Precautions are those recommended for all pregnant. It should not be overlooked as the maternal seizure risk during and in the immediate aftermath of childbirth, and favored by a lack of sleep.
Epilepsy and Driving
If there is a question that most epileptic arise, that’s it. Can I drive being epileptic? For most of us, driving is a necessity. But for epileptics, driving is prohibited without exception. Epilepsy is one of the illnesses incompatible with the issue or maintenance of the driving license under French regulations (1981 texts 1988, 1997). If you are epileptic, you must notify the driving school instructor in the examination of the driving license, otherwise you are liable to conviction. We remember the paris motorist who failed to report his illness to the competent authorities. Taken from a seizure at the wheel, he broke a group of teenagers leaving two dead and six wounded.
The license must in any case be issued or renewed for a candidate or suffering from epilepsy could constitute or lead to functional disability such as to endanger road safety when driving a motor vehicle. When considering a driving license, a candidate must declare on honor that he is not suffering from a disease which he has knowledge that could be incompatible with obtaining or maintaining the driving license or give rise to the issuance of a driving license of limited validity.
However, rest assured! For several years, thanks to advances in treatment and better control of crises, it became possible for epileptics to get the license. Although epilepsy is in principle against-formal indication to the operation of any vehicle, a “temporary compatibility” may be considered under certain conditions. The temporary issue, the license is then subject to the decision of the departmental medical commission of the license. It will assess the reality of the disease, its clinical form, monitoring treatment and treatment outcomes. It is on the basis of this assessment it will be decided whether you can drive or not.
Epilepsy and sports
If you’re epileptic you need to exercise regularly to reduce the intensity and frequency of attacks. Indeed, a real decrease is observed in the frequency and intensity of seizures in patients with epilepsy who do sports. For a more or less complex mechanism, playing sports regularly helps prevent short circuits causing seizures. The number of seizures decreases and they become much less severe. In other patients, it will improve the problems that will accompany epilepsy (anxiety, depression, lack of sleep). Many children with epilepsy do not practice sports because their parents believe that physical activities are not recommended, it is a serious mistake. For children, sport is a confidence factor in itself, recovery and socialization: 60% of epileptic play sports normally. Sport is a great way to fight against isolationism and fear of the disease. However, before choosing your sport, you should discuss it with your doctor.
What sport should be chosen when suffering from epilepsy?
Sport is a source of joy and epilepsy can practice without fear as long as you know the type of epilepsy and seizure frequency. These factors will determine the choice of a sport. If seizures occur exclusively at night, individuals will have access to numerous sports. People with frequent attacks on the day opt for sports practiced on the ground and in groups, such as handball or gymnastics. Finally, people sensitive to the effects of light preferably forgo water sports because of the reflection of sunlight on water.
What are the precautions?
The safety instructions are obviously the same for all: it is epilepsy or not, the smart athlete wears a helmet for biking or skiing and he roped for climbing. The carpets quilted cushion the fall when doing apparatus gymnastics, the life jacket is essential in boats and fishing. Many sports are exercised under surveillance anyway. Knowledgeable, coaches, teachers and colleagues react calmly face a seizure. This is why concerned adults and children their parents have interest in talking openly about their situation. It is not recommended for people with epilepsy to go alone to the mountain, to make scuba diving, parachuting.
What are the risks of accidents and danger?
Every sport has a number of risks. To judge whether a sport is dangerous for people with epilepsy, it is generally sufficient to show a little common sense and ask what is their type of epilepsy and seizure frequency. More seizures are rare, unless the restrictions are justified. That’s when the attacks occur every few weeks or months away it is difficult to say whether the chosen sport actually carries an increased risk for the concerned person or his entourage. For the person in any case, it is usually safer to have a crisis on a sports field than at home or in the street.