KIDNEY FAILURE

What is kidney failure?

Kidney failure is a change in the functioning of both kidneys that no longer filter the blood properly. The role of the kidneys is to eliminate all “waste” that is in the blood. When a patient has kidney failure, his kidney is unable to properly remove the protein, salt, potassium and phosphorus, which are found in our diet. When the kidneys are not working properly, harmful substances and toxins accumulate in the blood. Which is dangerous for the health of the patient. It is a serious illness that can, if not properly cared for, lead to coma or even death of the patient. Its dangerousness lies in the fact that it is a disease that is long silent (without any symptoms). The patient generally realizes that he is sick when the disease is already in an advanced stage (only a third of the channels are in a normal state of functioning).

Types of kidney failure

There are two types of kidney failure: chronic renal failure and acute renal failure.

Chronic renal failure

Chronic renal failure is one of the consequences of the deterioration of the kidneys by certain diseases: diabetes, obesity, hypertension or overuse of drugs such as painkillers. Chronic renal failure is a gradual and irreversible deterioration of renal function. In other words, it is called chronic renal failure when your kidney function is permanently impaired. It’s a silent disease. Her diagnosis is usually made late because she usually settles in silence without causing symptoms in the first years of the disease. 

Chronic renal failure is often discovered by chance, during a creatinine test carried out for example during a systematic assessment or during the surveillance of a chronic disease such as diabetes or arterial hypertension. The development process of chronic renal failure evolves in 5 stages: from stage 1 to 4, our natural treatment will allow your kidneys to return to normal functioning. However, at stage 5, the kidneys lost about 90% of their filtration capacity. If the disease reaches this stage, we are sorry but dialysis or a kidney transplant will be essential for you to stay alive.

 

 

Acute renal failure

Acute renal failure is known to appear abruptly over a period of hours to days. Unlike chronic renal failure, acute renal failure is usually reversible and usually cures. Acute renal failure is an acute decline in glomerular filtration. The diagnosis of acute renal failure is based on an acute elevation of serum creatinine, less than 3 months but generally observed over several hours. The telltale symptoms of acute renal failure are: nausea, vomiting, headache, high blood pressure, diarrhea, and visual disturbances.

 

Causes of kidney failure

Several causes can cause kidney failure. It is :

Diabetes (in 15% of cases). It can damage the small blood vessels in the kidney filters and cause them to malfunction.

-l’obésité

-Hypertension (in 31% of cases)

-glomerulonephritis and interstitial nephritis (in 29% of cases)

-Useful use of drugs such as painkillers

urological diseases.

 

Symptoms of kidney failure

How to recognize a disease whose symptoms are visible only when it is at an advanced stage? This is the main difficulty in the management of kidney disease. Generally, a beginning renal insufficiency is asymptomatic, that is to say that it causes no symptoms. This makes the diagnosis even more difficult. Some people may appear to be in excellent health while their kidneys only work at 25% of their normal capacity. This is because our kidneys can adapt and compensate for their loss of function. It must also be said that the first symptoms that appear (fatigue), are often common to many diseases. However, it is not because it is a silent disease that kidney failure is trivialized. On the contrary! Kidney failure can be life-threatening.

It is therefore important that you pay attention to any symptoms that may suggest kidney failure. It is :

-Excessive fatigue

-headaches

-the problems of concentration and sleep

-a need to urinate frequently

-nausea and vomiting

-a loss of appetite

-bad taste in the mouth

-appearance of early hypertension

frequent itching

-dry skin

-weightloss

-muscle cramps

Renal insufficiency and acute pulmonary edema:

Acute pulmonary edema is defined as an accumulation of fluids and solutes in extravascular pulmonary spaces. Acute pulmonary edema occurs when the pulmonary capillaries receive blood from the right ventricle in excess of the pumping capacity of the left heart. One of the causes of acute pulmonary edema is renal failure. When a patient has kidney failure, the accumulation of water in the lungs can lead to acute pulmonary edema.

Renal insufficiency and sexual dysfunction

In both men and women, renal failure often leads to loss of sexual desire. Men have a lot more trouble getting and maintaining an erection. As for women, they suffer from vaginal dryness and have a harder time feeling pleasure during sex. These disorders of sexuality are often due to several factors. Fatigue due to anemia and sex hormone deficiency are treatable causes in both men and women. In men, erectile dysfunction is often caused by damage to the nervous system or an alteration of the blood circulation in the penis. Taking pills like viagra for erectile problems is an emergency solution. After the diagnosis of kidney failure has been made, some patients go through a difficult period psychologically, this further impairs their libido. Psychological help is desirable.

Kidney failure and anemia

People with moderate to severe renal impairment are very likely to have anemia. Anemia is a disease caused by a decrease in the number of red blood cells. Generally, this disease is the consequence of kidney failure. How is it possible ?

The kidneys produce a hormone, erythropoietin (EPO), which has the role of stimulating the production of red blood cells and therefore hemoglobin. When you have kidney failure, your kidneys are not working properly. They do not produce enough EPO and the bone marrow does not receive the message to make red blood cells. This leads to low production of red blood cells, and anemia slowly sets in, without your knowledge. There are also other factors that promote anemia when you have kidney failure such as: inhibition of uremia-induced erythropoiesis, decreased life expectancy of red blood cells, and imbalance in iron homeostasis. More than one in two people with kidney failure must cure anemia

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