What is hemorrhoids?

Before anything else, it is important to say that hemorrhoids are not a disease. Everyone has hemorrhoids. Normally, hemorrhoids are venous formations located around and inside the anus and rectum, which are painless. Usually these veins are dilated when an individual is doing the stool. When these veins remain permanently dilated, they become hemorrhoids. They are sometimes accompanied by pain, bleeding and itching. Hemorrhoids are much more common in men than women.

There are 2 types of hemorrhoids: internal hemorrhoids (located inside the anus) and external hemorrhoids (located outside the rectum).

Types of hemorrhoids

There are two types of hemorrhoids: internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids.

-Internal hemorrhoids

They are located inside the rectum. They are difficult to identify since they are not visible. They rarely cause pain, but are sometimes accompanied by bleeding during defecation. In the vast majority of cases, they are manifested by the presence of blood in the stool. They can also cause a burning sensation and itchy episodes. These hemorrhoids are classified in 4 degrees. Although it is very unpleasant, the internal hemorrhoid is much less painful than the external hemorrhoid.

-External hemorrhoids

External hemorrhoids form under the skin and cause swelling in the anus. They are more easily identifiable than internal hemorrhoids because they are visible. While internal hemorrhoids are sometimes painless, things are different for external hemorrhoids. 

They are responsible for very uncomfortable situations in everyday life namely: itching, very live pain when sitting. The main causes of external hemorrhoids are: constipation, diarrhea, heavier weights, pregnancy, dietary fiber deficit, obesity. Fortunately, external hemorrhoids are known to be easier to treat than internal hemorrhoids.

-The hereditary factor: Although the role of heredity has not been clearly established, a family history has been observed in people with hemorrhoids. If one or more members of your family have hemorrhoids, you are likely to have some as well.

Anal sex: Indeed, the repetitive friction of the anal area can create lesions and tear the anal cavity. Having this type of sexual intercourse irritates and inflates hemorrhoids. If you are in this case, stop or use a good lubricant.

Sitting a long time on the toilet seat: sitting on the toilet bowl for too long increases the pressure on the anal cushions, which irritates this part and pushes the appearance of hemorrhoids. Avoid spending more than 5 minutes in the bathroom.

Pregnancy: Contrary to popular belief, hemorrhoids are quite common in pregnant women. One in 10 pregnant women suffers. During pregnancy, the woman’s body changes a lot. From the 6th month of pregnancy, the baby’s pressure on the lower abdomen can enlarge the anal and rectal veins and thus cause hemorrhoids. This can also happen during childbirth.

Obesity: Overweight can increase pressure on the rectal and anal veins. This is the main reason why obese people are more likely to suffer from hemorrhoids.

Prostatitis: Prostatitis is a chronic or acute infection of the prostate caused by different bacteria. Recent studies show a link between this disorder and hemorrhoids.


The symptoms of hemorrhoids

The symptoms of hemorrhoids are:

-The presence of blood in the stool (this is the easiest symptom to detect)

-A burning sensation, pain and itching in the anal area. Although this is extremely difficult, do not scratch! This will only aggravate the itching and pain.

-Pain during defecation (this is usually a symptom internal hemorrhoids)

-Suintement of mucus through the anus.

Muscle pain in the rectum

Hemorrhoids in pregnant women: risks of pregnancy

Hemorrhoids are one of the unpleasant surprises of pregnancy. Contrary to popular belief, pregnant women are more prone to hemorrhoids than others. 10% of pregnant women have problems with hemorrhoids. During pregnancy, the woman’s body changes a lot. Vascular overpressure during pregnancy, hormonal changes, and frequent constipation promote the formation of hemorrhoidal turgor. Studies show that blood volume in pregnant women increases by 25 to 40%, and that this increase would cause venous engorgement. Hemorrhoids appear more frequently during the third trimester of pregnancy because the weight of the baby is increasing. From the 6th month of pregnancy, the baby’s pressure on the lower abdomen can enlarge the anal and rectal veins and thus cause hemorrhoids. For other women, iron supplements they take during pregnancy are one of the main causes of the appearance of hemorrhoids at home because iron increases the risk of constipation. They can cause pain, itching and a burning sensation.

Rest assured right now, your baby is safe.

However, irritation, itching, small bleeding and pain related to hemorrhoids are very unpleasant. If you are pregnant and want to avoid hemorrhoids, there are simple preventative measures that you can put in place throughout the pregnancy. For starters, it is necessary to promote healthy lifestyle habits to avoid constipation. Namely: drink plenty of water, eat fiber, avoid carrying heavy objects. A diet rich in fiber is highly recommended (tomatoes, onions, artichokes, peas, potatoes, spinach, apples, sweet potatoes, broccoli, cauliflower, strawberries, carrots). Eat lots of fruits and vegetables everyday. However, if you are pregnant and have hemorrhoids already, do not panic, our treatment will allow you to come to the end. Just tell us that you are pregnant. We will take this into account when developing the product.

Hemorrhoids and childbirth

You’ve always been told that birth is a traumatic event for the baby, but apart from that, childbirth is also an extremely traumatic event for the mother’s body. After childbirth, 20% of women will suffer from hemorrhoids, 2 times more than during pregnancy. Indeed, childbirth puts a strain on hemorrhoids. The major pushing efforts at the time of delivery favor the externalization of these hemorrhoids. This is caused by the pushing effort of deliverance, against which unfortunately nothing can be done! Several factors can increase your risk of developing hemorrhoids after childbirth. These are: the weight of the child at birth, his height and the duration of work. In fact, the bigger your baby, the bigger the head, or the more time you try to expel him, the more you push, the more strain you will put on the lower part of your anatomy, the more blood will flow and more veins may become “salient”, so the risk of hemorrhoids will increase.

If you have hemorrhoids after giving birth, do not hesitate to talk to the midwives at the maternity ward, because a severe haemorrhoidal crisis can easily spoil your first days with your baby, even jeopardizing the start of your breastfeeding. We recommend that you avoid lifting heavy loads. If you have to carry your children, make a Kegel, extend it and wear it. The ideal would be to use natural treatments like the sitz bath. Use a sitz bath, which matches the shape of your bowl, and which limits the damage. To facilitate stool passage, you can take fecal emollients. You have the choice between ice and hot water. Also try to reduce the pressure on the veins, avoiding standing, or sitting, too long. And sleep on the side.

Hemorrhoids and erectile dysfunction

Hemorrhoids do have an impact on erectile dysfunction. Researchers in Taiwan have conducted studies to better understand the connection between hemorrhoids and erectile dysfunction in the male population. The results are surprising, at least a quarter of men with erection problems had hemorrhoids compared to only 15% of men with no erection problems. In this study, men with erectile dysfunction were 90% more likely to have hemorrhoids as well.

In fact, irritation caused by swelling of the blood vessels in the region between the bursa and anus could hinder erection in young men. But among older people, this link is less common given the low testosterone levels that are at the root of their erection problems.

Hemorrhoids and stress

Recent studies have found that people who are stressed all the time because of work, children, family, money problems, and so on, are more likely to develop hemorrhoids. Stress helps increase blood pressure. This increase in blood pressure allows the veins of the anal cavity to become larger, thus resulting in hemorrhoids. Aside from that, when you feel the tension, there is a strong tendency for you to turn to smoking and drinking too much alcohol. Both of these activities can lead to dehydration that can lead to constipation and hard stools. Constipation is known to be one of the major causes of hemorrhoids.

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