What is prostatitis?

The prostate is a male sexual gland located at the base of the bladder. This gland is involved in reproduction by contributing to the production of prostatic fluid, which enters the sperm composition and promotes fertility by facilitating the penetration of sperm through the cervix. With cancer and adenoma (benign hypertrophy) of the prostate, prostatitis is one of the pathologies that can reach this organ. But unlike prostate cancer or adenoma, prostatitis affects men of all ages, with a high incidence among young people aged 30 to 40 years.

Prostatitis can be defined as a chronic or acute infection of the prostate caused by different bacteria. It is manifested by fever and perineal pain. Generally, the first symptoms of prostatitis are urinary disorders that must give warning because without treatment, this disease that is usually treated more or less easily, is able to progress to complications.

Types of prostatitis

There are 3 types of prostatitis:

-Significant chronic pelvic pain syndrome

-The chronic bacterial prostatitis

-Acute bacterial prostatitis


-The syndrome of chronic pelvic pain

This is the most common type of prostatitis. It usually occurs in the youngest men. This prostatitis is mainly characterized by pelvic pain, however other symptoms may also accompany this condition. The causes of chronic pelvic pain syndrome are still unclear to date, however, it is certain that it is not caused by a bacterial infection. Recent studies have shown that there is a link between high levels of stress and the appearance or amplification of symptoms of this type of prostatitis.

The chronic bacterial prostatitis

During his lifetime, about 1 in 3 men will suffer from chronic prostatitis at least once. It is the consequence of repeated urinary tract infections. It is an infection caused by bacteria that lasts more than three months. Chronic prostatitis can affect men of all ages but especially men between 30 and 50 years. For men under 50, this is the most common urological condition. This condition is not very dangerous, but it is very difficult to treat. It has no connection with the development of prostate cancer.

Chronic prostatitis is usually the result of poorly treated and recurrent acute prostatitis. However, it can also be caused by a narrowed urethra, an adenoma of the prostate or by the presence of a calculus inside the prostate. Chronic prostatitis can have several symptoms namely:

Burns and pains in the pelvis and perineum

Ejaculation pains

Urine symptoms with burning during urination

Erectile dysfunction

-A urethral discharge

-Acute bacterial prostatitis

There are several types of acute bacterial prostatitis, but the most common is caused by different bacteria and is manifested by fever and perineal pain. The bacteria can come from the bladder, intestines or blood to reach the prostate. Most of the time, it is a bacterium: Escherichia coli. Symptoms occur suddenly and may require hospitalization. Acute bacterial prostatitis usually has symptoms:

-Pinea pelvic pain


– Muscular pain in the thighs

Causes and risk factors of prostatitis

To date, all the causes of prostatitis have not yet been elucidated. However, the most likely causes of prostatitis are sexually transmitted infections (STDs), usually after anal intercourse (sodomy). In some cases, this is urogenital malformation. Men who sit for a long time during the day are more at risk.


The symptoms of prostatitis

The symptoms of prostatitis are:

-Pinea pelvic pain

– Frequent urges to urinate


-Urine symptoms with burning during urination

-Difficulties to empty the bladder


– Muscular pain in the thighs

– Burns and pains in the pelvis and perineum

-Ejaculation pains

Erectile dysfunction

-A urethral discharge

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