Causes of female infertility
Female infertility can have several causes. These include:
-Hormonal disorders: These hormonal disorders can be caused by certain drug treatments, but also by pollution. Today, the environment in which we live (chemical substance, pollution) and our food are exposing us more and more to toxic substances: endocrine disruptors.
-An obstruction of the fallopian tubes: Tubal obstruction is responsible for about 25% of cases of female infertility. In order for you to get pregnant and have a normal pregnancy, it is essential that at least one of your two horns function normally.
-Fibroma, uterine polyps, ovarian cysts: The presence of one or more polyps, fibroids or polycystic ovaries (PCOS) also reduces fertility because these tumors hinder the implantation of the embryo. They increase the risk of miscarriage.
Symptoms of female infertility
The symptoms you may feel as a result of female infertility depend on the cause of infertility. For example, if your infertility is related to endometriosis, you will have painful periods. On the other hand, if your infertility is caused by polycystic ovary syndrome, you may feel pain during intercourse.
However, the absence of pregnancy is the main symptom of female infertility.
However, even for a woman with no fertility problems, conceiving a child can naturally take time. A couple should not be considered infertile until they have tried unsuccessfully for at least 1 year. However, if pregnancy does not occur after this time, we strongly advise you to make an appointment with a doctor to perform a large fertility test. Some gynecologists are specialists in infertility, but a generalist can just as well guide you to the right professional.
Risk factors for female infertility
– Age: This is a very important factor of infertility because the fertility of women decreases with age. Fertility drops gradually from 30 years: the monthly probability for a woman to be pregnant is 25% to 25 years at each cycle, then 12% to 30 years, and only 6% to 40 years. Those who are over forty, of course, have much more difficulty conceiving, even with treatment.
-Physical condition: This is an essential factor that has a great influence on your fertility. To want a baby rhymes with good health. An overweight or, on the contrary, anorexic woman will have much more difficulty getting pregnant.
-Healthiness of life: Tobacco, alcohol consumption and caffeine are likely obstacles to fertilization. They can also increase the risk of spontaneous abortion
The diagnosis of female infertility
When you have difficulty getting pregnant, it is essential for you to consult a gynecologist. Using a series of tests, he will be able to determine the exact cause of your infertility: blood tests, vaginal smear, hysterosalpingography, pelvic ultrasound, hormonal assessment etc ….
In some cases, you will undergo a post-coital test (huhner test). This test consists of examining the mucus secreted by the cervix under the microscope in the days preceding ovulation in order to check whether the spermatozoa enter it.