What is a depression?
Contrary to what many people think, depression is neither a fate nor a weakness of character. As much as we are, we all experience ups and downs in our lives. Sadness is a normal reaction to the difficulties we may encounter throughout our lives. We are often sad for a short time and then the sadness eventually disappears and life resumes its normal course. However, sometimes the feeling of sadness persists, it prevents you from working, studying, eating, sleeping or having fun, it is not normal. You are depressed.
Depression is a disease that is manifested by fatigue, a decrease in physical and psychological activities with a feeling of weakness, helplessness and despair. The sick individual has morbid thoughts and the impression of having no value as a person. Depression affects mood, thoughts, behavior and the body. When in the head it does not go, the whole body feels it. In fact, a person who suffers from depression is much more vulnerable to infections because his immune system is weakened. In the most severe cases, depression can lead to suicide.
Causes of depression
A depression can have several causes. It is :
Psychological causes: Individuals are affected by external events in different ways. Some people have a great capacity to put things into perspective and face difficulties, others do not. This has a great influence on the type of life experience that each of us has. Our way of thinking and seeing the world is usually shaped during childhood. For example, a person who has been educated too strictly, or negative reviews and comments were legions, will tend to perceive things in a negative way later on. He will be more likely to suffer from depression in his life than someone who, during his life has learned to see the positive side of everything.
Genetic causes: It is common to see in some families see many people suffering from depression. It’s not just due to chance. Although there is no gene responsible for depression, the genetic terrain has an influence on the determinism of these diseases. Recent studies have confirmed the hereditary character of major depressive disorders, however the genes involved in depression are being identified. Although genetics can explain a predisposition to depression, it is not the direct cause. A person would be 2-4 times more likely to be depressed if one of their parents has ever had depression. However, this person may also never experience depression.
Social causes: Today, we are witnessing the bursting of family structures, the lack of spirituality and a loss of benchmarks calling for more adaptability. Despite new technologies (social networks) that are supposed to bring us closer to each other, we see that people spend more and more time at home with their phones. They go out less and less and are more and more obsessed with their image. To this must be added the deficit of spirituality. The place of God in everyone’s life also has an influence on his mental equilibrium. Someone who believes in God, believes in a supernatural force that can take him out of any situation. He is positive. He has the hope that thanks to God everything will be better. On the other hand, an atheist is much more Cartesian in the face of certain problems and tends to overestimate the difficulty. This can facilitate the emergence of depressive symptoms.
Environmental causes: Depression can be precipitated by very difficult living situations such as: an accident, an illness, the death of a loved one, a move, a divorce, financial difficulties or loss of life. a job, difficulties
Symptoms of depression
There is a difference between feeling tired from time to time and actually suffering from depression. Some people describe their depression as living in a black hole without being able to cope. However, other people with nervous breakdowns do not necessarily feel sad. Rather, they feel that their lives are empty and meaningless. In this state of apathy, they can not take pleasure in doing anything, even when they practice activities they once loved. The signs and symptoms of nervous breakdown change according to people and can vary over time in intensity. However, generally, the individual with depression loses their taste for life and feels that they have no value. It has several symptoms, the most common are:
–Intense and permanent fatigue: even when no effort has been made, the person who suffers from depression constantly feels tired. He has no strength left, even the smallest tasks become insurmountable. This feeling adds to discouragement and physical and moral pain. What characterizes depressive fatigue is that neither rest nor sleep attenuate it.
–Loss of self-confidence: the depressed person often feels useless and responsible for the situation. He is very critical of himself as soon as he makes the slightest mistake. He loses his taste for life and feels he has no value. People with depression often have a low self-esteem. They are very pessimistic and think only of their problems while giving them a disproportionate importance.
–Troubles sleep: The person who suffers from depression has trouble falling asleep, He wakes up at night with nightmares. The individual finds refuge in a sleep that has lost its restorative value, which is why he has been tired since waking up. This sometimes leads to cravings for suicides. If you are in this case, even if it is excruciatingly difficult, never give in. Talk to anyone, but avoid living this situation alone. There are people who love you and who appreciates you. Open your eyes wide, they are around you.
–Irritability: It is found that people who suffer from depression are easily distracted or they get very upset. It’s enough for them to put themselves in all their state. This is one of the consequences of isolation and lack of sleep.